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Open Access Highly Accessed Case report

Endometriosis of the lung: report of a case and literature review

Haidong Huang1, Chen Li2, Paul Zarogoulidis3*, Kaid Darwiche4, Nikolaos Machairiotis5, Lixin Yang6, Michael Simoff7, Eduardo Celis7, Tiejun Zhao6, Konstantinos Zarogoulidis3, Nikolaos Katsikogiannis5, Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt8 and Qiang Li1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Respiratory Diseases, Changhai Hospital/First Affiliated Hospital of the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China

2 Department of Respiratory Diseases, First Automobile Works General Hospital/The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China

3 Pulmonary Department, ‘G. Papanikolaou’ General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Medical School, Thessaloniki, Greece

4 University Pulmonary Department, ‘Ruhrland’ Clinic, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

5 Surgery Department (NHS), University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupolis, Greece

6 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Changhai Hospital/First Affiliated Hospital of the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China

7 Bronchoscopy and Interventional Pulmonology, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Wayne State University, School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA

8 II Medical Clinic, ‘Coburg’ Clinic, University of Würzburg, Coburg, Germany

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European Journal of Medical Research 2013, 18:13  doi:10.1186/2047-783X-18-13

Published: 1 May 2013

Abstract

This paper reports a case of endometriosis of the lung in a 29-year-old woman with long-term periodic catamenial hemoptysis. A chest computed tomography image obtained during menstruation revealed a radiographic opaque lesion in the lingular segment of the left superior lobe. During bronchoscopy, bleeding in the mucosa of the distal bronchus of the lingular segment of the left superior lobe was observed. Histopathology subsequent to an exploratory thoracotomy confirmed the diagnosis of endometriosis of the left lung. The 2-year follow-up after lingular lobectomy of the left superior lobe showed no recurrence or complications.

Keywords:
Endometriosis; Lung; Pathways