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Open Access Research

Renin, endothelial no synthase and endothelin gene expression in the 2Kidney-1clip goldblatt model of long-term renovascular hypertension

SW Reinhold1*, DC Uihlein1, CA Böger1, S Kloiber1, K Frölich1, T Bergler1, B Banas1, F Schweda2 and BK Krämer3

Author Affiliations

1 Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

2 Institut für Physiologie, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

3 Marienhospital Herne, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany

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European Journal of Medical Research 2009, 14:520-525  doi:10.1186/2047-783X-14-12-520

Published: 14 December 2009

Abstract

Objective

Numerous reports have shown the influence of renin, nitric oxide (NO) and the endothelin (ET) systems for regulation of blood pressure and renal function. Furthermore, interactions between these peptides have been reported. Aim of our study was to investigate the relative contribution of these compounds in long-term renovascular hypertension/renal ischemia.

Methods

Hypertension/left-sided renal ischemia was induced using the 2K1C-Goldblatt rat model. Renal renin, ET-1, ET-3 and endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) gene expression was measured by means of RNAse protection assay at different timepoints up to 10 weeks after induction of renal artery stenosis.

Results

Plasma renin activity and renal renin gene expression in the left kidney were increased in the clipped animals while eNOS expression was unchanged. Furthermore, an increase in ET-1 expression and a decrease of ET-3 expression was detected in early stenosis.

Conclusions

While renin is obviously involved in regulation of blood pressure and renal function in unilateral renal artery stenosis, ET-1, ET-3 and endothelium derived NO do not appear to play an important role in renal adaptation processes in long-term renal artery stenosis, although ET-1 and ET-3 might be involved in short-term adaptation processes.

Keywords:
blood pressure; renin angiotensin system; nitric oxide; endothelins; long-term renal artery stenosis; RNAse protection assay