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German-austrian recommendations for HIV1-therapy in pregnancy and in HIV1-exposed newborn - update 2008

Bernd Buchholz1*, Matthias Beichert2, Ulrich Marcus3, Thomas Grubert4, Andrea Gingelmaier4, Annette Haberl5, Brigitte Schmied6, The German AIDS-society (DAIG), The Austrian AIDS-society (OEAG), HIV-AIDS competence network, The Robert-Koch Institute Berlin (RKI), The German Association of Physicians specialized in HIV Care (DAGNAE), The German Society of Pediatric and Youth Medicine (DGKJ), The German AIDS Pediatric Association (PAAD), The German Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (DGGG), The National Reference Center for Retroviruses (NRZ) and German AIDS Assistance (DAH)

Author Affiliations

1 University Medical Centre Mannheim, Pediatric Clinic

2 Mannheim, Gynecology and Obstetrics Practice

3 Robert Koch Institute, Berlin

4 Gynecology Clinic of the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich

5 HIV-Department, J. W. Goethe-University Hospital, Frankfurt

6 Otto-Wagner Spital, Vienna

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European Journal of Medical Research 2009, 14:461-479  doi:10.1186/2047-783X-14-11-461

Published: 3 November 2009

Abstract

German-Austrian recommendations for HIV1-therapy in pregnancy - Update 2008 Bernd Buchholz (University Medical Centre Mannheim, Pediatric Clinic), Matthias Beichert (Mannheim, Gynecology and Obstetrics Practice), Ulrich Marcus (Robert Koch Institute, Berlin), Thomas Grubert, Andrea Gingelmaier (Gynecology Clinic of the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich), Dr. med. Annette Haberl (HIV-Department, J. W. Goethe-University Hospital, Frankfurt), Dr. med. Brigitte Schmied (Otto-Wagner Spital, Wien).

In Germany during the last years about 200-250 HIV1-infected pregnant women delivered a baby each year, a number that is currently increasing. To determine the HIV-status early in pregnancy voluntary HIV-testing of all pregnant women is recommended in Germany and Austria as part of prenatal care. In those cases, where HIV1-infection was known during pregnancy, since 1995 the rate of vertical transmission of HIV1 was reduced to 1-2%.

This low transmission rate has been achieved by the combination of anti-retroviral therapy of pregnant women, caesarean section scheduled before onset of labour, anti-retroviral post exposition prophylaxis in the newborn and refraining from breast-feeding by the HIV1-infected mother. To keep pace with new results in research, approval of new anti-retroviral drugs and changes in the general treatment recommendations for HIV1-infected adults, in 1998, 2001, 2003 and 2005 an interdisciplinary consensus meeting was held. Gynaecologists, infectious disease specialists, paediatricians, pharmacologists, virologists and members of the German AIDS Hilfe (NGO) were participating in this conference to update the prevention strategies. A fifth update became necessary in 2008. The updating process was started in January 2008 and was terminated in September 2008. The guidelines provide new recommendations on the indication and the starting point for HIV-therapy in pregnancies without complications, drugs and drug combinations to be used preferably in these pregnancies and updated information on adverse effects of anti-retroviral drugs. Also the procedures for different scenarios and risk constellations in pregnancy have been specified again.

With these current guidelines in Germany and Austria the low rate of vertical HIV1-transmission should be further maintained.

Keywords:
Pregnancy; HIV-therapy; HIV-status; HIV-testing; anti-retroviral drugs; recommendations